Tuesday, November 22, 2016

The Dirty Secret of Fuel Cells Fueled by Natural gas




In 2003 I wrote my book Hydrogen – Hope or Hype?  I predicted that Fuel Cells were a Betamax technology that would essentially flop.  This predictions is almost 100% true.  Excepting for the massive government funding, fuel cells remain expensive and a silly way to generate power.

What I did not calculate back in 2003 was how dirty fuel cells fueled with natural gas really are.  Yes I did state that their CO2 emissions were not great, but I never investigated the hazardous solid waste that fuel cells using natural gas create when they generate electricity.  First there are tons of hazmat from the spent catalysts in the fuel cell stacks as the stacks become poisoned, less efficient, and are therefore discarded.  But second, there is a massive amount of hazardous solid waste from the desulfurization of the natural gas prior to entering the fuel cell stack.

Yes natural gas has some sulfur and this has to be removed.  Natural gas also has other horrible chemicals such as Benzene, Toluene, Xylene, Chloromethane, Chloroform, etc.   In fact from data published for Delaware pipeline natural gas there is almost 0.1% by mass  of these horrible poisons in the natural gas.  In normal power generation plants that burn natural gas the poisons are destructed, but in fuel cells the poisons concentrate up with the sulfur in the desulfurization filtering media.   

Hundreds if not a thousand tons a year of Hazmat is sent for treatment from one site in Delaware (27 megawatt Bloom site at Red Lion) to a hazmat facility in Texas.  Believe it or not the fuel cells are located in the Protected Coastal Zone !!

If one adds all the fuel cell power generation sites around the country, several thousand tons a year of hazmat needs to be treated.  The generation of hazmat by FuelCell Energy and Bloom Energy is a dirty little secret that these two massively greenwashed companies have hidden for years while taking almost $2 billion in Taxpayer and Ratepayer subsidies.  In the small state of Delaware the subsidy to Bloom by Delmarva ratepayers now exceeds $135 million and grows by approximately $100,000 a day.



Colin Powell who is on Bloom’s board of directors had a secret meeting earlier this year with Speaker Ryan to extend the 30% Investment Tax Credit on Fuel Cells.  Of course my position is the Investment Tax Credit must end.  Electrons from these fuel cells that use natural gas are Gangrene not Green.

Bloom Energy and FuelCell Energy need to end their lies about being green and we need to move on with greener power generations that does not include either of these two greenwashed companies.  They should be remembered as having been the Bloomdoggle of early part of the 21st century.   

The politicians like Jared Huffman and Jack Markell that gave away billions of dolars to the fuel cell industry that use natural gas should be remembered as being Thermodynamic Cretins that lived in a big Swamp.    

The Green Machine should be remembered as having tried to make science great in America again.




The Dirty Secret of Fuel Cells Fueled by Natural gas




In 2003 I wrote my book Hydrogen – Hope or Hype?  I predicted that Fuel Cells were a Betamax technology that would essentially flop.  This predictions is almost 100% true.  Excepting for the massive government funding, fuel cells remain expensive and a silly way to generate power.

What I did not calculate back in 2003 was how dirty fuel cells fueled with natural gas really are.  Yes I did state that their CO2 emissions were not great, but I never investigated the hazardous solid waste that fuel cells using natural gas create when they generate electricity.  First there are tons of hazmat from the spent catalysts in the fuel cell stacks as the stacks become poisoned, less efficient, and are therefore discarded.  But second, there is a massive amount of hazardous solid waste from the desulfurization of the natural gas prior to entering the fuel cell stack.

Yes natural gas has some sulfur and this has to be removed.  Natural gas also has other horrible chemicals such as Benzene, Toluene, Xylene, Chloromethane, Chloroform, etc.   In fact from data published for Delaware pipeline natural gas there is almost 0.1% by mass  of these horrible poisons in the natural gas.  In normal power generation plants that burn natural gas the poisons are destructed, but in fuel cells the poisons concentrate up with the sulfur in the desulfurization filtering media.   

Hundreds if not a thousand tons a year of Hazmat is sent for treatment from one site in Delaware (27 megawatt Bloom site at Red Lion) to a hazmat facility in Texas.  Believe it or not the fuel cells are located in the Protected Coastal Zone !!

If one adds all the fuel cell power generation sites around the country, several thousand tons a year of hazmat needs to be treated.  The generation of hazmat by FuelCell Energy and Bloom Energy is a dirty little secret that these two massively greenwashed companies have hidden for years while taking almost $2 billion in Taxpayer and Ratepayer subsidies.  

Colin Powell who is on Bloom’s board of directors had a secret meeting earlier this year with Speaker Ryan to extend the 30% Investment Tax Credit on Fuel Cells.  Of course my position is the Investment Tax Credit must end.  Electrons from these fuel cells that use natural gas are Gangrene not Green.

Bloom Energy and FuelCell Energy need to end their lies about being green and we need to move on with greener power generations that does not include either of these two greenwashed companies.  They should be remembered as having been the Bloomdoggle of early part of the 21st century.   

The politicians like Jared Huffman and Jack Markell that gave away billions of dolars to the fuel cell industry that use natural gas should be remembered as being Thermodynamic Cretins that lived in a big Swamp.    

The Green Machine should be remembered as having tried to make science great in America again.




Monday, November 21, 2016

Secs Of State Swimming In Swamp


Sunday, November 6, 2016

My Reply To More of Bloom's Lies in Delaware



A rebuttal to Ms. Susan Brennan’s Piece in the News Journal regarding Bloom Energy

She is comparing apples to oranges to rocks.  If her math is half correct, and I will show later she is only half correct, the number of vehicles she estimates as taken off the road is 120,000 corresponds to 1.23 billion pounds CO2 emitted from these vehicles in only a single year.   Bloom claims incorrectly and falsely that they emit 1.23 billion less pounds of CO2 versus the grid in total over the entire 21 years during which they will be heavily subsidized by Delmarva ratepayers.  If the 1.23 billion pounds were correct, which I will show is not correct, this would be equal to taking only  5,714 vehicles off the road for each of the 21 years

Now let’s perform the correct calculation of the CO2 emissions savings. The EIA reports the Grid in Delaware emits 1,030 pounds CO2 per megawatt hour.  From data obtained from the Delaware PSC the Bloom boxes are averaging 890 pounds CO2 per megawatt hour.  The 30 megawatts station operating for 21 years with an 87% capacity factor will save 672,184,840 pounds of CO2, but only  if the grid does not get greener which is false and if the Bloom boxes do not lose efficiency over time, which is known to occur.  The 674,184,840 pounds is 54.6% of the 1.23 billion pounds of CO2 Ms. Brennan claimed.  This demonstrates that Ms. Brennan is telling only a half-truth on the amount of CO2 emissions saved.

Ms. Brennan has a demonstrated history of not delivering the goods she promised.  She as part of the Nissan team promised  Energy Secretary Chu and therefore the American people that Nissan would be selling hundreds of thousands of Leafs a year.  Nissan will sell approximately 15,000 Leafs this year. 

Bloom might claim the grid electrons have line losses, this is again an incorrect assertion, as the Bloom electrons in Delaware are also generated at a substation and not at customer sites and therefore suffer similar line losses.  By my analysis Bloom can claim they took 3,120 cars off the road at a cost to Delmarva ratepayers of $36 million a year.  This is equivalent to paying each motorist $11,538.46 a year not to drive.  Ms. Brennan is only 2.6% correct in the number of vehicles she estimated that will be taken off the road.




As the COO of Bloom, Ms. Brennan must have employment data for Bloom  at their other sites in California and India. Two years back, Mr. Markell said to the News Journal (Aaron Nathans) that essentially all manufacturing is in Delaware. The COO must answer how many manufacturing jobs are in India and in California, and then we can see if it is true that essentially all manufacturing by Bloom is performed in Delaware.
She also claims the boxes are capable of  "completely eliminating all air pollutants" .  I ask then why do they have 14.4 pounds per day of VOC's permitted for the 30 megawatts of boxes (0.02 pounds per megawatt hour)?  These emissions of VOC are similar to a paint shop spewing out VOCs.  I ask why would Delmarva ratepayers subsidize a paint shop in the protected coastal zone? 

Sorry to bore you with just a little more math.   Bloom was supposed to increase employment from 600 to 900 this year. This is a 50 percent increase. They only hit a 23 percent increase or half the rate of increase they contracted for. The data are pretty bleak as bloom hired only 53 out of 300 additional jobs they promised for 2016. They hired 17.66% of what they promised for 2016. This implies they are doing relatively worse in 2016 than they were doing before. In 2015 total employment was 37.3% of what they promised. In 2016 total employment is only 30.8% of the promised amount.  

She claims to deliver "clean, reliable and resilient power".  Perhaps she considers toxic waste and higher than advertised CO2 emissions clean?   Bloom is not as reliable as they claimed in the CZA permit application where Bloom promised 100% capacity factor.  Data provided to the PSC show only 87% capacity factor.    I have been an engineer for 43 years and have never heard the word resilient power???  Resilient to me means the ability to recover quickly from difficult conditions.  Maybe her piece was an attempt at resilience, I give her that.  But did she really recover?  I think she actually dug a deeper hole to bury herself together with her sealed desulfurization canisters filled with Benzene.  The mass of those sealed canisters with benzene could be as much as 1,000 tons per year.  Yes Bloom could be sending as much as two million pounds a year of hazardous waste from Delaware to the Texas Hazmat site.

In September 2015, I asked the Delaware Association of Professional Engineers (DAPE) to investigate the professional conduct of five professional engineers regarding the hidden hazardous waste.   Recently DAPE informed me that the investigation is now in the hands of the Delaware Department of Justice and that an Assistant Attorney General has been assigned to the case.  DAPE’s investigation also turned up that one of the “professional” engineers who works for DNREC was in fact not registered as a professional engineer in Delaware.  She played a role in the issuance of the CZA permit.  One has to remember that in May 2012, I contacted DNREC to inform them that the Bloom CZA permit has inconsistencies.  Had DNREC been open and honest with us all the Bloomdoggle could have been stopped just as it was being started. 

I have asked Attorney General Denn to fully investigate the fake CZA permit.  The ball is in his hands to quickly resolve this, or else we will be calling for a special prosecutor to be appointed, and a Federal investigation into the violation of the civil rights of citizens in Delaware to commence.

Lindsay Leveen The Green Machine
Sausalito, CA
Winner of the 2013 First Prize Serious Column National Newspaper Association for exposing greenwashing by Bloom Energy in Delaware



Friday, October 28, 2016

FBI Before and After Clinton

BEFORE





AFTER


Saturday, October 15, 2016

THERANOS IS THE BLOOM OF BLOOD


Friday, September 23, 2016

Enphase out of Phase




Another Kleiner Perkins company touted by Prof Dan Kammen of Bezerkely is headed south.  Their stock is plunging.

http://www.kpcb.com/companies/enphase-energy

The company had an IPO four years ago and the existing shareholders before the IPO (probably Kleiner) had to prop up the IPO.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2012-03-30/enphase-ipo-raises-half-of-target-after-shares-price-at-bottom

Kleiner brought us the Bloomdoggle and Hillary's campaign gets funds from John Doerr of Kleiner.  I hope Trump reads my blogs so he can ask Hillary about Enphase being out of phase.   As for Kammen of UC Berkeley in 2006 he promised us 4.25 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol for this year.  We will be lucky to get just over 3 million gallons.  I asked Kammen if 0.08% is a passing grade for the classes he teaches at Berkeley.  Kammen has remained silent and he probably is doing some phase shifting on his position at Enphase where he chairs a research board.

http://tsrc.berkeley.edu/DanKammen


I can't wait for Donald to make Hillary's head spin on Monday in the debate.  She will do a full 720 double back flip with a half twist not a 180 out of phase Kammen trick.